ISSN:1306-7877

Self-Orientalist and Islamophobic Messages in Caricatures: The Case of Leman Magazine


Caricatures have some privileges compared to other popular culture products while producing messages. Caricatures, with visual aspect, make judgments about the society and serve the thought patterns they create through certain messages. Thus, examining the caricatures, which are a rich source in terms of producing and transmitting messages about the social sphere, remain in a functional position. The aim of this study is to reveal self-orientalist and Islamophobic messages attached to Islamic symbols or figures -such as headscarf, burqa, kufi, fasting worship, sacrifice worship, imam- in caricatures. The analysis of self-orientalist and Islamophobic messages in the Leman magazine was largely based on Edward Said’s Orientalism. During the study, the six-month period of (including June and November) the weekly humor magazine Leman, which can be considered as a product of popular culture, has been studied and the usage of Islamic symbols and figures in the journal examined by visual analysis method. Accordingly, the Leman caricatures contain Islamic symbols, self-orientalist and Islamophobic messages. In the caricatures, Islam is in a agreement with the Islamophobic ideas that Said deals with in the context of orientalism.


Keywords


Sociology of Religion, Popular Culture, Caricature, Leman, Islamophobia, Self-orientalism, Charlie Hebdo, Visual Analysis.

Author : - Şehide R. N. MUTLU
Number of pages: 283-314
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/tbd.2007.39783
Full text:
Toplum Bilimleri Dergisi
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