Problems in regard to theory are among the most significant and major issues in social sciences. It seems very difficult to solve these problems due to unique conditions of social sciences. However, there are several suggestions in regard to these problems. Social domain can be regarded as the sea. Those on the shore produce various descriptions about the sea. Such descriptions are combined to other descriptions on the sea produced by those who swim and travel through the sea. Nevertheless, such knowledge are not complete about the current and future state about the sea and those in the sea. Social domain, like the sea, can be analysed and its general framework can be developed depending on our knowledge, experience and understanding. This article deals with the problem of theory in Turkish sociology and understanding of social action.