A Paradigmatic Study about Turkish Native Language Courses and Turkish Teachers in Southern Bavaria
Güney Bavyera’daki Türkçe Anadili Dersi ve Türkçe Öğretmenleriyle İlgili Paradigmatik Bir Değerlendirme

Author : Mustafa Çakır
Number of pages : 89-120


After the employment contract was signed in 1961 with the Federal Republic of Germany, a series of measures to educate workers' children in the country were taken and implemented. Turkish courses began in 1973. In 1977, the Ministry of National Education established its foreign organizations and opened the Education Units in the Consulate General. Teachers from Turkey were transferred abroad via the Interministerial Culture Commission. The Bavarian schools offered Turkish language courses as well as German courses for immigrant children so that they could adapt to their own school system when they returned to their countries. Those with good knowledge of German had the opportunity to move from the Turkish classes to the German-speaking rule classes. This was continued until 2004. On 14 September 2004, the Bavarian government took a new decision to phase out Turkish schools within five years and to hand over Turkish language courses to the Consulate General. As a result, in 2004 a campaign collected 38,700 signatures to reintroduce Turkish language courses, but ranked at the Ministry but did not produce any positive results. The decision of the Bavarian government came into force in 2009. It is a uniform application for Croatian, Portuguese, Hungarian, Italian, Spanish and Turkish origin. Under this decision, the application forms prepared by the consulates of the countries concerned will be distributed to all schools through the provincial governing bodies from the relevant departments of the ministry, and the forms collected at the schools will be sent by the school administrators to the Consulate General and the hiring of teachers will be done according to the demand in these schools. In the federal states of Southern Bavaria (Upper Bavaria, Lower Bavaria and Swabia), which is still responsible for the education system of the Republic of Turkey at the consulate in Munich, there are currently 41 Turkish and Turkish cultural teachers. The number of students participating in the Turkish and Turkish Culture (TTK) will be 2,614 in the total of 232 schools and four separate non-governmental organizations as of 15 December 2018. For the 2018/2019 school year, the number of Turkish and Turkish cultural teachers is 41, the number of pupils per teacher is 65, and the number of schools is 5.6.


Turkish, native language courses, Turkish native language courses, labor agreement, Turkish teacher, Turkish teachers abroad


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